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Last updateFri, 29 Apr 2016 5pm

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Food and Beverage Processing

Food and Beverage Processing

When wandering the grocery store aisles,...

Variable Frequency Drives in Electric Actuators

Variable Frequency Drives in Electric Actuators

Electric actuators are vital for operati...

Braided Packing: An Old Technology with a Modern Twist

Braided Packing: An Old Technology with a Modern Twist

Compression packing is the primary metho...

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Industry Headlines

Rotork Acquires Mastergear from Regal Beloit

2 DAYS AGO  |  Chris Guy

Rotork has acquired the entirety of Mastergear’s business and assets from Regal Beloit Corporation for $25 million on a cash-free and debt-free ...

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Industry Headlines

Rotork Acquires Mastergear from Regal Beloit

2 DAYS AGO

Rotork has acquired the entirety of Mastergear’s business and assets from Regal Beloit Corporation for $25 million on a cash-free and debt-free basis and a value of inventory that will be finalized at the end of a transition service agreement.

Mastergear will become part of Rotork's Gears divis...

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Emerson Opens New Helix Innovation Center

2 DAYS AGO

Emerson announced the launch of its “Helix” initiative, including the opening of The Helix innovation center, an industry-first, $35 million hub dedicated to advancing research and education for the global heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVACR) industry. The new ...

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Energy Sector Weighs on Construction Starts

2 DAYS AGO

At a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $660.5 billion, new construction starts in March receded 1% from February’s pace, according to Dodge Data & Analytics. Total construction starts had jumped 13% in February, led by a huge gain for the electric utility and gas plant category. The dolla...

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Chevron Investing Billions in The Permian Basin

3 DAYS AGO

At Chevron’s annual security analyst meeting last month, chairman and CEO John Watson said that his company plans on investing billions into oil & gas projects in the Permian Basin.

According to the Hobbs News-Sun , Watson predicted they could be pumping up to 350,000 barrels a day out of West ...

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House Passes Bill To Lower Import Tariffs On Manufacturers

3 DAYS AGO

This week, the House voted 415-2 for the American Manufacturing Competitiveness Act of 2016. The bipartisan, bicameral bill reforms the way Congress considers legislation for suspending tariffs on products not made in the U.S., what some are calling, “manufacturing tax breaks.” The legis...

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Texas Manufacturing Index Shrinks More Than Forecast

5 DAYS AGO

Texas factory activity increased for a second month in a row in April, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey. The production index, a key measure of state manufacturing conditions, rose from 3.3 to 5.8, suggesting a slight pickup in output growth.

Perce...

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Accessories for Control Valves

spr11_b2b_introHigh-pressure, angle-style control valves with high-pressure piston actuators are equipped with digital valve positioners, airsets and volume boosters, along with other accessories.While control valves are an essential part of most flow processes today, they cannot accomplish their key tasks without help from the many accessories that aid in smooth operation.

Control valves are a ubiquitous essential in today’s industrial facilities. Whether they are managing flow or controlling process conditions such as temperature or pressure, they are key to maximizing production, maintaining product quality and ensuring safety.

However, they cannot accomplish these tasks on their own. Equally important to the processes are the accessories that work with a control valve—helping ensure accuracy, boosting output, making various control system components compatible with one another and providing added layers of safety.

In this article, we will review some of these devices, the roles they play in a control system and factors that should be considered when specifying these devices.


VALVE POSITIONER

Positioners are required in almost all control valve applications. Many positioner types and communication protocols are available, but a positioner’s primary function is always the same: to accurately position the throttling element within a control valve as directed by a signal from the process control system.

The positioner receives a sign from an external process controller, compares the valve’s actual position to the desired position, and sends a command change to the actuator to correct the valve position in a controlled feedback loop. The process controller measures the change in the process and sends further changes to the position signal as necessary.

Without a positioner, a control valve position is an open loop; the valve moves in response to the signal but nothing is providing feedback to ensure the valve is in the desired position.

Four factors make positioners vital components in today’s process control systems:

Higher-pressure actuators: Positioners make it possible to use today’s higher-pressure actuators in traditional pneumatic control systems, which can reduce costs and make the valve more responsive.

Most pneumatic control systems use an output signal range of 3 to 15 psig or 6 to 30 psig. Traditional spring-diaphragm actuators are widely available in these ranges, but the output force from a given actuator size is significantly limited. And, piston actuators almost always require higher air pressures to perform optimally.

As a result, most actuators are designed and sized to operate at air pressure ranges well above the 3 to 15 or 6 to 30 psig delivered by the control system. Therefore, a positioner or other amplifying device is required to make them compatible with the control system’s lower output pressure. The higher air pressure allows selection of smaller actuators reducing overall equipment cost.

spr11_b2b_schematicTypical placement of some of the most commonly used control valve accessories
Forces within the control valve: Friction from valve stem sealing systems (packing) can be significant, particularly in higher-temperature applications in which graphite-based materials must be used. Unbalanced forces or flow-induced forces within the valve also will affect the actuator’s ability to consistently position the throttling element or plug within the valve.

A positioner continually monitors the effects of these forces and sends the appropriate feedback to the controller, ensuring that necessary adjustments are made quickly to keep the control valve performing as expected.

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