Tue09162014

Last updateTue, 16 Sep 2014 3pm

Waste to Renewable Chemicals

Waste to Renewable Chemicals

More than 93% of Edmonton, Alberta’s nearly 880,00...

Mining for Value

Mining for Value

At VMA’s annual Market Outlook Workshop held in Bost...

Valve World Expo Opens Third Exhibit Hall

Valve World Expo Opens Third Exhibit Hall

Valve World Expo, the 9th Biennial Valve World Con...

VALVE Magazine Print & Digital

Subscribe sum14Read the latest digital edition

Subscribe to the digital edition

Subscribe to the print edition

Subscribe to the biweekly VALVE eNews

BUYERS GUIDE 300x80

New Products

Industry Headlines

Petrochemical Boom at Risk as U.S. Ethane Heads Abroad

41 MINS AGO  |  Chris Guy

“Robust exports could threaten what the American Chemistry Council says are plans to invest $124 billion in new and expanded factories. Exxon says che...

Read more

Loading...
Advertisement

Web Only

Waste to Renewable Chemicals

Waste to Renewable Chemicals

-1 DAYS AGO  |  Kate Kunkel

More than 93% of Edmonton, Alberta’s nearly 880,000 residents recycle, keeping 60% of waste out of the landfills. But that wasn’t good enough for this...

Read more

Loading...
Advertisement

Ball Valves in Power Plants

vmwnt12_nuclear_plantCan metal-seated ball valves provide effective long term, economical solutions for critical applications in steam-generating power plants? The answer lies in knowing the design limitations of the valve, in correctly identifying the application requirements and in proper installation techniques.

During the last 20 years, advances in machining, tooling, measuring and coating technology have led to ball valve designs that provide positive sealing solutions for the power industry. These new “power plant ball valves” can withstand temperatures and pressures that make them a viable solution for the industry.


THE HISTORY

Before these new designs, creating true and matching spherical sealing surfaces was limited so that one surface—the ball—typically was metal and highly polished. The second sealing surface—the seat—generally was a fluoropolymer or elastomeric compound. This combination works well in lower temperatures and pressures, and still is widely used today. However, it is not suited for the extremes seen in steam power generating stations.

vmwnt12_Figure-1Figure 1. Typical Y-pattern globe valveInstead, traditionally rising-stem globe valves have been the work horses for stop and isolation service in steam-generating power plants (Figure 1). These valves have massive stems, plugs and seats. They are top-entry valves and often have welded or pressure seal bonnets.

The sealing areas of the plug and seat are matched conical surfaces, which are well-suited for the high pressures, temperatures and velocities found in vent, drain and continuous process services. Operation of the valves is intuitive: If the stem is in the “up” position, the valve is open; if the stem is in the “down” position, the valve is closed.


METAL-SEATED BALL VALVES

Computer numerically controlled (CNC) machines with special tooling can now produce virtually perfect spherical metal-to-metal sealing surfaces—both concave, and convex for ball and seat—with almost infinite repeatability. Highly qualified and specialized coating contractors also can provide many varieties of flame-sprayed carbide coating compounds applied with exacting precision in laboratory conditions by CNC robotic machines. These coatings carry a toughness and hardness far exceeding that of the cobalt-based weld overlays traditionally used in rising stem globe valves, and the final coated surface exactly mirrors the machined contours of the underlying part. These technologies have lead to the emergence of the power plant ball valve, capable of withstanding temperatures in excess of 1050° F (566° C) and ­pressures in excess of 3000 psig.


CONSTRUCTION FEATURES

Many power plant ball valve manufacturers are machining valve bodies from forged bar stock materials with massive wall thicknesses far exceeding that of rising stem valves. Several use the same valve body design on 1.5-inch and smaller sizes for all pressures classes—so that an ASME Class 1500 valve may actually have an ASME Class 4500 body. This standardization reduces raw material inventory, streamlines machining, shortens production times and allows for virtually unlimited alloy material selection. Usage is restricted by the pressure and temperature rating stated on the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) tag and relevant American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards.

vmwnt12_Figure-2Figure 2. Two-piece end-entry design

 

vmwnt12_Figure-3Figure 3. One-piece end-entry design

vmwnt12_Figure-4Figure 4. Top-entry designValve manufacturers produce a ­variety of power plant ball valve body designs, including two-piece end entry (Figure 2), one-piece end entry (Figure 3) and bolted bonnet top entry (Figure 4). Different seat designs are produced: integral seat, pressed-in seat, welded seat and locked seat. All designs incorporate a downstream sealing seat, with an upstream ring used as a guiding, balancing and bearing surface.

vmwnt12_Figure-5Figure 5. Live-loading methodThese designs all include a large cross-section conical load spring (Belleville washer) behind the upstream bearing ring. The designs feature live-loaded stem packing, although several methods provide this live-loading (Figure 5). Some use one large central Belleville spring, while others use four, equally spaced spring sets. Packing design varies among manufacturers—some use a single die-formed ring with wire-braided backup while others use multiple die-formed rings, and still others use top- and bottom-braided rings with internal die-formed rings.

VIDEO HOME PAGE

  • Latest

  • Popular

  • Links

  • Events

 

Valve Magazine Digital Edition

14 SUM CVR 160x214Inside the Summer 2014 issue…

• Attracting Talent
• Advances in Machining
• Severe Service in Power Plants
• SIS Tests and Standards

CLICK HERE TO REQUEST YOUR
DIGITAL EDITION PREVIEW EMAIL

injection vein buy nap 50 steroids extreme anabolics buy steroids europe online buy steroids qld