12152017Fri
Last updateThu, 14 Dec 2017 8pm

i

Process Instrumentation in Oil and Gas

Process Instrumentation in Oil and Gas

Process instrumentation is an integral p...

Check Valves in LNG Cryogenic Service

Check Valves in LNG Cryogenic Service

Because natural gas is currently conside...

Will Smart Machines Obsolete Human Resources?

Will Smart Machines Obsolete Human Resources?

Is artificial intelligence (AI) going to...

Is Valve Live Loading an Option?

Is Valve Live Loading an Option?

Valves leak. There’s no getting ar...

Subscribe SUM17

FREE SUBSCRIPTION*

• Print magazine
Digital magazine
• VALVE eNews
Read the latest issue

*to qualified valve professionals in the U.S./Canada

The Weekly Report

New Products

  • ja-news-2
  • ja-news-3

Industry Headlines

EIA Forecasts Record U.S. Oil Output in 2018

Thursday, 14 December 2017  |  Chris Guy

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that U.S. crude oil production averaged 9.7 million barrels per day (b/d) in November, up 3...

Readmore

Loading...
Advertisement
i

Web Only

Construction and Mining: Is 2018 The Year for Growth?

Construction and Mining: Is 2018 The Year for Growth?

Tuesday, 12 December 2017  |  Kate Kunkel

While there is a degree of optimism in the mining industry that hasn’t been seen for some years, much uncertainty still exists in this sector. A...

Readmore

Loading...

Industry Headlines

Setpoint I.S. Honored by Baton Rouge Business Report

11 HOURS AGO

Setpoint Integrated Solutions (Setpoint I.S.) was honored this fall at the Baton Rouge Business Report’s Top 100 Private Companies Luncheon. Celebrating its 35th Anniversary this year, the Baton Rouge Business Report hosts many events in the community.

At the most recent event , the Top 100 Private C...

Readmore

Emerson to Modernize Controls for Phoenix-Area Hydro Fleet

1 DAY AGO

Arizona-based Salt River Project (SRP), one of the nation’s largest public power utilities, has selected Emerson to modernize the controls of multiple hydropower units and its central service center. SRP provides electricity to 1 million customers in the metropolitan Phoenix area and is also one...

Readmore

EIA Forecasts Record U.S. Oil Output in 2018

7 HOURS AGO

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimates that U.S. crude oil production averaged 9.7 million barrels per day (b/d) in November, up 360,000 b/d from the October level. Most of the increase was in the Gulf of Mexico, where production was 290,000 b/d higher than in October. Higher pro...

Readmore

Chemical Industry Growth Rate Surpasses 20-Year Average

1 DAY AGO

The U.S. chemical industry is riding a global wave of growth as the world’s major economies experience an upswing for the first time in a decade. Increased output and accelerating growth rates that surpass the previous twenty-year average will help cement the business of American chemistry as ...

Readmore

U.S. Manufacturing Technology Orders Up 6.3%

1 DAY AGO

Orders for manufacturing technology kept their momentum in October 2017, gaining 6.3% over September to a total value of $428.32 million, according to the latest U.S. Manufacturing Technology Orders Report from The Association for Manufacturing Technology (AMT). Year to date, orders are up 7.6% comp...

Readmore

NAM Survey: Manufacturers’ Optimism Reaches Record High

2 DAYS AGO

The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) released the results of the Manufacturers’ Outlook Survey for the fourth quarter of 2017, showing manufacturers’ optimism has risen to unprecedented heights amid the legislative progress made on tax reform. With 94.6% of respondents saying ...

Readmore

Protect Me Please

Everyone in the valve industry should be in the protection racket. No, I don’t mean dealing with cousin Vito from Jersey; I‘m talking about protecting valves after they leave the plant for shipment to the customer or while they are in storage waiting to be used. Valves that are contaminated or damaged before they are installed are a real problem that costs the industry hundreds of thousands of dollars every year to correct, either through repair or replacement.

 

Every valve should be adequately packaged and protected for shipment, and every valve received by the user should be well protected until it is time for installation. As far as initial shipment, most valve manufacturers do a good job of protecting their products. There are dozens of types and styles of protectors available to cover any end configuration. These end protectors serve two valuable purposes: The first is to ensure dirt and debris stay out of the bore of the valve, and the second is to keep machined surfaces underneath the valves from being damaged enroute or during installation at the job site.

If valves are not blocked in crates for shipment, they must be strapped to skids or pallets in such a way that the valves will not slide into the machined areas of adjacent valves. Even with an end protector attached, the mass of a loose valve combined with transportation vibration can result in nasty scratches on companion valves. If the scratch is on a machined surface such as a raised face, the cost to repair the valve can reach hundreds of dollars or, if alloy valves are involved, even more.

DAMAGE FROM WATER

Most end protectors are not waterproof, and a pouring rain can penetrate through virtually any small leak path past the end connector. If moisture remains in the valve for a period of time, rust will develop that can damage interior surfaces.

The biggest enemy of good valve care is the infamous lay-down yard at construction sites. It sometimes seems like, during the dark of night, mysterious demons inhabit these places and randomly remove end covers from the valves. Without this protection, the sand, gravel, weld spatter and other construction debris collects in the valve ports. Then, unprotected serrations of raised-face valves become rapidly rusted and lose their texture and geometry, sometimes requiring expensive field machining to restore integrity. Oftentimes valves will be stored horizontally with one of the flanges flat on the ground. This poor storage practice can result in moisture being trapped in the port and possibly additional mechanical damage if the valve is dragged across the gravel.

Valve stems are usually shipped lubricated. This lubrication is a magnet for dirt and sand, which will ultimately act abrasively on the stem and stem bushing. Because of this, stems should be covered with a protective wrapping, especially if any sandblasting will be performed upwind from the storage area.

If valves have been ordered in a cleaned condition for special service applications, extra care must be taken to ensure their integrity. Bagged valves should not be stored on bare pallets due to the possibility of tearing. A valve that is to be end sealed and not bagged should have desiccant appropriate for the valve’s size and for the period it will be stored. Cleaned and degreased sealed valves are especially prone to rusting because of condensation that forms inside the completely unlubricated valve.

TIPS FOR STORAGE

Of course the optimum storage solution is inside a nice dry warehouse, but that can get expensive. So in lieu of a roof and four walls, here are some tips to follow if you have to store valves outside for a long period of time:

  • Make sure that the end protectors are on the valve and tightly attached.
  • Do not lay valves horizontally on the ground on one flange.
  • If stored flat on the ground, be sure that timbers are placed under the flange or valve body to keep it off the ground.
  • If valves are to be stored outside for a year or more, a spray of WD-40 or other rust inhibitor on the ends will help eliminate possible corrosion and damage to the raised faces of flanged valves.
  • If possible, the stem threads on OS&Y valves should be protected from the elements.
  • Try not to store valves near an abrasive blasting area.
  • If dirt and grit has entered the valve, remove it with a careful blast of compressed air before the valve is cycled or installed.
  • Take extra care in storing resilient seated valves as their seating surfaces are easily damaged.

Greg Johnson, a contributing editor to Valve Magazine, is president of United Valve (www.unitedvalve.com), which offers factory-authorized valve modifications and repair services from its Houston, TX facility. Reach him at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

 

  • Latest Post

  • Popular

  • Links

  • Events

Advertisement

Looking for a career in the Valve Industry?

ValveCareers Horiz

To learn more, watch the videos below or visit ValveCareers.com a special initiative of the Valve Manufacturers Association