A new study released by the American Petroleum Institute (API) and conducted by researchers at ICF examines the environmental benefits of U.S. natural gas use in China, Germany, and India, finding that using U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) rather than coal for electricity generation produces on average 50.5% fewer greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in all base case scenarios studied.
Looking at cases in China, Germany and India, the study, “Update to the Life-Cycle Analysis of GHG Emissions for US LNG Exports,” demonstrates the importance of natural gas for achieving global emissions reductions. In China, coal still makes up 66% of power generation – in India, it’s 74%, and in Germany it also remains high – nearly 30%. Coal generation in the U.S. has fallen from roughly 50% in 2005 to 24% in 2019, while natural gas generation has increased from 19% to nearly 40% in the same period. This transition has been instrumental to the U.S. reducing emissions in the power sector by 25% from 2008 to 2018.