Global coal production fell significantly in 2016, while global trade in natural gas was up. These data are drawn from official national data submissions to the International Energy Agency (IEA) from around 150 countries and regions globally.
Coal production fell sharply in China in 2016 by around 320 million tons or 9%. Coal production also fell elsewhere, such as the U.S. and Australia, leading to global output falling by 458 million tons.
The greater demand for gas led to increases in trade, with growth in pipeline gas trade going into the OECD and LNG trade going to Asia. Together the increases saw total global gas imports increase by about 47 billion cubic meters (bcm) in 2016 – around 4.5% higher than 2015.