More than 93% of Edmonton, Alberta’s nearly 880,000 residents recycle, keeping 60% of waste out of the landfills. But that wasn’t good enough for this city, which prides itself on its environmental efforts. So, in its efforts to find a way to divert even more of that waste and reduce CO2 emissions, the city worked with Enerkem and the provincial government (Alberta Innovates – Energy and Environment Solutions) to create the world’s first industrial-scale facility to produce biofuels from municipal solid waste. Inaugurated in June 2014, this facility will make it possible for the city to achieve a 90% conversion rate by 2016, by turning trash into methanol and ethanol. While other municipalities have been able to convert waste into power, to date there is no other industrial-scale facility that turns waste into biochemicals.